Summer is the ideal time to relax after hard-working days. However, not many people are aware of the potential health hazards which summer travel can bring along besides fun and happiness. According to a recent survey in the United States about health while traveling in the summer, about 63% of the tourists and their relatives are ill during and after the holiday.
The important thing when traveling in the summer is tourists should be aware of the health risks and take appropriate precautions to make their trip safe and enjoyable.
Sunburn is one of the most common ailments that travelers often suffer when traveling in the summer. According to US medical experts, about 62% of visitors were recorded sunburn during and after travel.The common symptoms of the disease is red skin with inflammation and irritation. Severe sunburn will double the risks of developing malignant tumors – the most dangerous form of skin cancer, Skin Cancer Foundation organization said.According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), one of the best ways to prevent sunburn is tourists should wear long-sleeved shirts, wide-brimmed hat, sunglasses. Do not forget to use sunscreen with SPF of at least 15 and apply on the body before going out about 30 minutes and reapply every 2 hours.
Colds because of high temperature
Children, the elderly, the overweight and those with poor health are often at high risk of stroke due to heat stroke.Medical experts from Skin Cancer Foundation said that the sun is usually most active from 10am to 16pm. Therefore, travelers should limit outdoor tourism activities in this period to avoid heat stroke .Besides, you also need to avoid drinking alcohol. Instead drink plenty of water in order to avoid dehydration.
Diseases caused by parasites in the pool
Swimming is an indispensable activity of travellers in summer days. Nevertheless, a recent report of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) said that in the past 20 years there has been a significant increase in the number of illnesses caused by parasites living in the pool and hot tub.In the year 2011 – 2012, parasitic diseases caused about 1.788 cases, including 95 hospitalizations and one death in the United States.A parasite called Cryptosporidium (Crypto) takes responsibility for about half of the cases. They can cause diarrhea, abdominal pain, nausea, dehydration, vomiting, weight loss and fever. The scientists said Cryptosporidium is able to resistant to chlorine – the main chemical used to clean the pool and hot tub – which means they can live up to 10 days or more .We can protect ourself and others by following simple ways: avoid swimming when diarrhea, shower carefully before entering the pool, avoid swallowing pool water and avoid urinating in the pool.
Enjoy foods and drinks in a different country in the world always gives travelers interesting experience. However, a change in diet and the difference in each dish can also be a major cause of the digestive diseases.As reported by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), approximately 12% of US travellers suffered from food poisoning while traveling in the summer.The agency warns that travelers should avoid drinking tap-water in the developing countries, because it can be infected with parasites and bacteria which can cause a number of diseases, including cholera and typhoid.Instead, drink bottled water, avoid eating fresh vegetables which has not been washed or washed with contaminated water.
Some other risks
Infection from currency: there are about millions of bacteria living on banknotes and travelers will likely become infected. Remember to wash your hands thoroughly after contact with money, or you can also use antibacterial gel to “treat” disease-causing bacteria.Insect bites: in the process of moving, insect attacking is very likely to occur, which can endanger your health. Therefore, you need to use anti-insect products to prevent bad situations.In addition, you should also carry small first aid bag to deal with emergency situations, and buy travel medical insurance to ease the financial burden in case of need for care services health while traveling.