Everyone knows that adolescent is the time for a big change in a lifetime, together with various concerns. One of the most common issues of a teenager is the eating disorders due to weight obsession. If you want to know more about problems of a teenager, The most common problems of Teenagers may offer information you are finding. This time is particularly challenging period for them.
It is estimated that around 80% of people who have eating disorder are girls because they believe that they are overweight or need to lose weight. Boys usually make great efforts to obtain a perfect 6-pack body by dieting or compulsive exercises. Approximately 95% of those who have this problem are between 12 and 25.
Eating disorders involving Anorexia nervosa, Bulimia nervosa and Binge eating disorders, can be considered as psychological disorders with great disruption in eating.
– A teen with Anorexia usually have a twisted image of an ideal body. They often refuse to keep a normal body by avoiding eating and controlling the food they eat. They may become unnatural thin or stay thin but still talk as being overweight.
– Bulimia is an opposite kind of eating disorders to Anorexia as teens will repeat uncontrollable overeating followed by compulsive behaviors such as vomitting, use of laxatives, and excessive exercise for excessive purge. It often occur in the late teens and early adulthood.
– Teens with Binge eating disorder partly similar to those with Bulimia as they could not control their eating, but without negative measures to remove the food out of body. Therefore, they are typically overweight and uncontrollable eating behavior.
Signs of eating disorders in teens may generally include:
– Shame or guilt about eating habits
– Frequent weighing
– Extreme weight change
– Skin rash or dry skin
– Loss of hair or nail quality
– Hyperactivity and extremely addicted to exercises.
Otherwise, their emotions are also affected since they may become so moody, anxious or depressed that they may get away from their friends or too sensitive to criticism.
In the early stages, teens are likely to hide their signs of eating disruption. Therefore, it is quite hard to discover a teen with this problem, especially those with Bulimia.
It is important to note that different types of the problem have different specific signs, which mostly include:
– Anorexia: a distorted image of body weight or size; obsessive focus on calories and grams of fat in food; denial of feelings of hunger; excessive weight loss; feeling cold, tired, and weak; dizziness or fainting.
– Bulimia: Eating large amount of food with no apparent change in weight; peculiar eating habits or rituals; frequently visiting bathroom after meals; frequently clogged showers or toilets; overachieving and impulsive behaviors; discolored teeth; stomach pain; calluses or scarring on the hands due to self-inducing vomitting; weakness or fatigue.
– Binge Eating Disorders: Eating large amount of food in a distinct period of time; eating rapidly; feeling that they are uncontrollable how much they eat and then self-digusted; long-term physical signs (weight gain, high blood pressure, diabetes, skin disorders and heart disease).
What causes Eating Disturbance in teens?
This problem actually has no root cause. It is said to be a combination of one or more biological, behavioral, as well as social factors, involving unpleasant experiences, teasing, family relationships or psychological problems, genetics and concerns about a thin body. According to a study, Anorexia, a kind of eating disorders, usually occurs in those who have obsession with perfectionism including lean, especially ones play sports such as ballet, gymnastics or running.
It is recorded that the most important onset of many teenagers’ eating problem is comments or teasing by peers, mostly about appearance. It is more common among girls whose topics of talk around “fat talk” and negative body discussion are more often. In some cases, the one to be concerned as fat may be bullied or boycotted.
How to protect teens from eating disorders?
If a teen is diagnosed to having eating disturbance, a combination of treatments including cognitive behavioral therapy and antidepressant medication can be used to help the one with Bulimia. With those having Anorexia, the treatment usually consists of nutritional feeding, medical monitoring, and psychological treatment. Family therapy is one of the most key treatment which is likely to be included to support for eating habit improvement, healthy weight and management of other symptoms. It is important for a teen with eating disorders to be open and talk to his or her parents about the difficulties. The most common measures the parents may be recommended may be:
– Encouraging healthy-eating habits: sharing about good and bad effects of diets as well as making a habit of eating together as a family.
– Promoting a healthy body image
– Fostering self-esteem
– Using food for nourishment, not as a reward or punishment.