Passive smoking not only affects the child’s lungs, but also affects their brain, heart and intestines. Many studies have demonstrated that passive smoking increases the risk of tuberculosis infection, asthma, bronchitis and pneumonia or makes children often cough and runny nose.
- Affect the conception and pregnant women
Smoking in men has been shown to be related to the decline in sperm, reducing genetic possibility and damaging their DNA.
For women, smoking can reduce the quality or even damage the eggs in the ovaries, increase the risk of early menopause and both of these will reduce fertility. According to a study by the British Medical Association, the pregnancy rate decrease up to 40% in women who smoke.
Besides, smoking has bad effects during pregnancy, increases the concentration of the hormone epinephrine and vasopressin, which make the egg pass through the fallopian tube faster, even when the egg is fertilized into the uterus, it is soon to be miscarriage.
In addition, the rate of ectopic pregnancies are often twice to 4 times greater than non-smoking women. If not detected early for treatment in time, it can cause tubal rupture and lead to death. Tobacco smoke can affect the quality and functionality of the eggs as well. Besides, multi fertilization is more common in women who smoke than those who do not smoke.
- Harm to the fetus
Smoking during pregnancy will cause more danger to the fetus, such as reducing the amount of oxygen in the body to provide for pregnant women as well as for the development of the fetus, increase the risk of stillborn fetus, prematurity as well as the risk of fetal suffering from respiratory problems.
When pregnant women smoke, nicotine, carbon monoxide and other toxins will be absorbed into the blood and passed directly to the fetus. The women who get passive smoke can increase the risk of developing lung cancer, heart disease, emphysema, allergies, eczema and some other health problems for both mother and her fetus.
- Affect children seriously
Research by Dutch scientists conducted in South Africa shows that the number of children getting passive smoke have 5 times higher tuberculosis infection rates than normal. And children in families with smokers have the higher risk of asthma than children whose family members do not smoke.
In addition, children who are exposed to tobacco smoke environment regularly are prone to pharyngitis, nasal congestion, hoarseness and flu than non-exposed children.
Topic: healthy lifestyle