Acne is the most common skin problems occurring on both male and female. Noone expects to see it anywhere on our bodies, especially on our faces. However, what is it? Why does it happen? Can it be treated? We need to understand those questions to know the most appropriate treatment to this beauty enemy.
What is acne?
Acne vulgaris or Acne in short is a extremely regular skin condition often identified by comedones including both blackheads and whiteheads as well as pus-filled spots or pustules. It can be called a disease of the hair follicles of the face, chest and back.
It occasionally occurs in young children, but generally starts at puberty and not unusual for some women in their mid to late twenties or even the thirties. Acne usually appears on the skin as:
– occluded pores or comedones
– tender red bumps as known as pimples or zits
– pustules or bumps containing pus
– cysts or deep pimples, boils.
Even though bacteria contribute a not small amount to the acne development, it is not caused by bacteria.
What causes this foe of beauty?
Not a single factor causes this problem. The sebaceous glands attached to the hair follicles of people are stimulated as puberty or other hormonal changes. Sensitive to testoterone, which is a normal blood level of a hormone, combined with bacteria on the skin and fatty acids within oil glands, cause this beauty enemy.
Common sites for it are the face, chest, shoulders, and back where are also the sites of oil glands. Acne lesions consist of whiteheads, blackheads, small bumps, and nodules and cysts.
Though it is essentially a normal physiologic occurrence, certain conditions may aggravate the condition, including:
- Fluctuating hormone levels around the time of menses (women)
- Manipulating (picking/prodding) acne lesions
- Clothing (for example, hats and sports helmets) and headgear.
There are some factors that can lead to the existence of this problem, too:
- Food: Some recent findings have indicated that a high carbohydrate diet, milk, and pure chocolate can make it more serious while pizza, greasy and fried food may not.
- Pressure: In some cases, pressure from helmets, chin straps, collars, suspenders, and the like can aggravate acne.
- Cosmetics: Some cosmetics and skin-care products are pore clogging. Of the many available brands of skin-care products, it is important to read the list of ingredients and choose those which have water listed first or second if one is concerned about acne. These “water-based” products are usually best for those with acne.
It could be because of an allergy to cosmetics or to at least one of the ingredients of the product, as well.
How is acne treated?
There is actually no exact cure for it, the current treatments are only the effective prevention against formation of new spots and scarring.
The right time to treat it is when it turns to be bothersome or potential for scarring. Or simply when severe acne suddenly flares, for mild one that just does not go away, or when a single pimple decides to show up the week before your special party.
Only three types of drugs have proven to be effective for the treatment of acne so far, including benzoyl peroxide, retinoids, and antibiotics. Most people require at least one or two agents, depending on the severity of their acne.
Another method of treatment which may be helpful for some people is hormone therapy. This way of treatment include low-dose estrogen and progesterone (birth control pills) or anti-androgen medications. It could be more efficient for those with signs and symptoms of androgen (male hormone) excess.