Nausea and vomiting in pregnancy, also known as morning sickness is considered as a common symptom of early pregnancy. Despite being called “morning sickness”, it can occurs at any time of the day.
According to Dr. Jennifer Niebyl, head of obstetrics and gynecology at University of Iowa College of Medicine, about 90% of all pregnant women suffer from this sickness while they are pregnant. Usually, those symptoms will disappear by the fourth month. Although morning sickness makes you unpleasant, it doesn’t have any negative effects on your baby’s development. However, in case you experience severe and ongoing vomiting, contact a doctor to make sure that both you and your baby is safe. Warning signs include:
– You have dark urine or you don’t pass any urine within 8 hours.
– You are not able to keep anything down for 24 hours.
– You suffer from repeated, unstoppable vomiting.
– You start to vomit blood.
– You have abdominal pain or fever.
– You have a feeling of weak or faint.
Possible causes of morning sickness
– Estrogen levels: During pregnancy, the estrogen level of women increase by 100 times, resulting in their short term unpleasure.
– Progesterone levels: When a woman is pregnant, her body produces more progesterone hormone, which helps prevent early birth and relax the stomach and intestines.
– Human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) levels: A type of hormone released after conception to prevent the disintegration of the corpus luteum of the ovary, helping to maintain the production of progesterone.
– Nutritional deficiency: The lack of vitamin B6 is supposed to be another cause.
– Sense of smell: Women often change their sense of smell during pregnancy and they become more sensitive to odors.
– Evolutionary survival adaptation: According to some experts, morning sickness is likely to be an evolutionary adaptation to keep both mother and baby from the risk of food poisoning.
– A sensitive stomach: may make the pregnancy woman uncomfortable while it is trying to adapt to the changes of pregnancy.
Ways of managing morning sickness
There are some suggestions related to eating and living habits which help to deal with this sickness:
– Eating smaller meals during the day and never skip any meal.
– Avoiding foods that you think will make you nauseous.
– Reducing fatty, spicy and fried foods.
– Eating a dry biscuit before getting out of bed when you get up in the morning.
– Eating a healthy snack before going to sleep.
– Drinking ginger tea, fruit juice between meals, which is helpful in easing the feeling of nausea.
– Putting on loose clothes that don’t constrict your abdomen.
– Moving around or take rest when the morning sickness happens.
– Asking your doctor for vitamin B6 supplement if necessary.
– Don’t take any type of drugs without permission from your doctor.
– Having others prepare meals for you, as most food has a stronger smell when it is being cooked, which worsens nausea.