There are about 90% of school-age children worldwide have problem with their dental health. The highest rate is in Asia and Latin America area and the lowest rate is in Africa. In the United States, oral disease is the most common chronic disease in children, which is five times higher than the rate of asthma.
In fact, tooth decay is a breakdown of teeth including enamel and dentin, creating holes on the surface of the tooth. Oral diseases can cause serious pain if you are not promptly treated. Therefore, creating an oral hygiene habits for children is the best way to keep their teeth healthy.
Parents should begin to help their baby familiar with oral hygiene at the age of 6 months old. And when the child is 3 years old, he can brush his teeth by himself. In the US, 3- year- old children and the older will be taken to the dentist for orthodontics and the oral care instructions.
Before children have teeth, you should do oral hygiene by taking them a little water immediately after feeding. Then use a wet cloth wrapping around your finger and wipe their gums as well as their tongue. However, you must be very gently to avoid making your baby reflux. You also do the same when your baby teethes but you need to clean the whole surface of his teeth.
When the children are 3 years old, you should teach your kids how to do oral hygiene, make them familiar with brushing and mouth washing habits after eating.
In addition, you can take your children to the supermarket and tell them how to choose the best brush with soft bristle and medium size. Children will be excited and interested in brushing if they can choose the brush and toothpaste by themselves.
So, how to brush the teeth properly?
- Put a moderate amount of toothpaste on the brush.
- Place the bristles toward the gum a 45 degree angle with the teeth, and gently shake the brush from top to bottom.
- Brush each group of teeth including 2 to 3 teeth as well as all three surfaces: lingual surface, buccal surface and occlusal surface.
- Rinse again with water.
Parents should continue brushing together with the children until they are 9 or 10 years old because your child cannot brush effectively by themselves before this age. Besides, you also should take your children to the dentist for periodic examination.