What should you know about childhood vaccines?

Vaccines refer to medicines that contain weakened or dead bacteria or viruses. Childhood vaccines are produced to protect your children against dangerous diseases.

Why it is necessary to have your child vaccinated?

– Childhood vaccines are safe.

The process of developing and testing a new vaccine is far from easy. It takes about 10 to 15 years for a new vaccine to be approved and published. Childhood vaccines may cause some side effects to the children, such as fever, soreness, redness, or a lump at the site of injection. However, those symptoms may disappear for a few days.

– Childhood vaccines can save your child’s life.

Thanks to the great development of medical science, more and more dangerous diseases are now being prevented by various types of vaccine. As stark example, Polio, used to be one of the most deadly illnesses that killed many people in the United States, are now prevented by vaccine. At the moment, there is no reports of polio in the United States.

– Childhood vaccines can save your family time and money.

As a mother or a father, you have to stay at home to take care of your child when he is ill, which wastes a lot of time and money. Your performance at work may be negatively influenced if your child’s conditions become worse. That’s why it’s necessary to get your child vaccinated.

Which vaccines should your child receive and when?

According to the Canadian Paediatric Society and the National Advisory Committee on Immunization, your child should get the following vaccines:

– 5-in-1 or 6-in-1 (also known as DPTP-Hib), DPT-polio, or Hib vaccine prevents your child from the risk of developing diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, polio, and Hib disease. This kind of vaccine is given as a series of 3 or 4 shots, from age 2 months to 15 months.

– MMR vaccine, in which MMR stands for measles, mumps, and rubella). MMR vaccine contains two shots: one is given when your child is 1 year old and one is given when he is 4- to 6 years old.

MMR vaccine

– Hepatitis B vaccine is given as a series of 3 shots, with the first shot given soon after birth.

– dTap vaccine protects adolescents against diptheria, tetanus and pertussis (whooping cough). It is given when your child is 11 years old or older.

– Chickenpox (varicella) vaccine is usually given to children for the first time when they are older than 12 months old and again at 4- to 6 years old. The varicella can also be given to older children if they have never had chickenpox or been vaccinated.

– Pneumococcal vaccine helps prevent the infection with a type of bacteria which causes ear infections and other serious diseases, including meningitis and bacteremia. Infants and toddlers are given 4 doses of the vaccine at 2, 4, 6, and 12 months of age. Children with high risk of pneumococcal infection can get this vaccine.

– Meningococcal vaccine protects children against illnesses caused by meningococcus bacteria, including meningitis and septicemia, a serious blood infection. Children at 11 to 12 years of age should be given this vaccine.

– HPV vaccine protects girls from getting involved with cervical cancer and genital warts. It is given as a 3- shot series.

-Rotavirus vaccine protects infants against rotavirus, which is known as the most common cause of serious diarrhea in babies and young children.

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