It is reported that particularly in the U.S., 1 out of 3 people catches a skin condition at any particular point in time. It has been estimated over 3,000 kinds of skin disorders so far, some are temporary, easily cured, and merely a irritation while others can remain lifelong and lead to chronic symptoms, disability, plus emotional distress. Some of them even can cause death, including Melanoma.
What is the skin?
Skin is the largest organ of the body with a total area about 20 square feet and made up of three layers called epidermis, dermis, and subcutaneous layer. It protects us from moisture, debris, and UV rays from the sun. To be moisturized, the skin secretes sebum from oil glands. The skin housing sweat glands also help balance the body temperature. Nerves in the skin relay information about pain, temperature, and other sensations to the brain. Blood vessels and hair follicles are found in the skin, as well.
Skin diseases are one of the most frequent causes making people visit the doctors. Some conditions directly develop from the skin, such as dermatitis, ringworm, rosacea, and so on. Other non-dermatologic conditions including human papiloma virus have signs obviously displayed on the skin.
What are the symptoms?
We have thousands of skin disorders, which leads to a variety of symptoms. Some common signs of skin diseases may consist of:
– Blisters that may be painful and red, or not
– Bumps without pain or itching, or with pain
– Itchy rash
– Light-colored and patchy rash
– Mole that has changed size, shape, or color
– Red, flushed skin
– Scaly, dry rash
– Scaly, oily rash
– White, scaly rash.
Why do you have skin problems?
There are tons of reasons leading to skin diseases, include:
– Infection because of bacteria, fungi, viruses, or parasites
– External factors such as sun, animal dander, insect bites, or plants
– Immune system weakness or dysfunction
Several skin symptoms are as a consequence of non-dermatologic disorders which may include:
– Cancer, occasionally
– Kidney disease
– Liver disease
– Thyroid disease
– Sex hormone imbalance
– Inflammatory bowel disease.
The skin is susceptible to not only internal but also external factors. Some internal factors affecting your skin health may consist of diet, stress and allergies. They commonly lead to angioedema, eczema, psoriasis, and fever blisters.
Even though the sun helps your skin produce vitamin D, sun exposure is the most frequent external reason causing skin problems, for example, skin cancer, sunburn and wrinkles.
Infants, children, pregnant women, elderly individuals, and those who are with specific medications are at higher risk from certain skin conditions than others.