Prostate cancer: Symptoms and Risk factors


Prostate cancer is by far the most common cancer among men in the United States. It is also the second deadly cancer in men. Prostate cancer is defined as a type of cancer that occurs in a man’s prostate, a small walnut-shaped gland which is responsible for producing the seminal fluid that nourishes and transports sperm.

Symptoms of prostate cancer

The cancer of prostate usually has no early symptoms. Advanced prostate cancer symptoms and signs may include:

prostate cancer symptom

– Problems urinating, such as a slow or weak urinary stream or more frequent urges to urinate, especially at night.

– Blood in urine or semen.

– Bladder control loss.

– Bone pains.

– Pains in the hips, back chest.

– Discomfort in the pelvic area.

– Erectile dysfunction.

Risk factors for prostate cancer

  1. General

– Race: Figures have shown that black men are about 60 percent more likely to suffer from prostate cancer during their life time compared to other races. Among patients, the condition of the male men are more aggressive or advanced than others.

– Age: The cancer of prostate mainly affect those men whose age is over 50, and your risk grows with age. Only one in 10,000 men under age 40 is diagnosed with this disease, meanwhile, one in 15 men in their 60s will be suffered from it.

  1. Genetics

If men in your family have experienced prostate cancer, your risk of developing this disease can be higher.

  1. Body weight

prostate cancer risk factor

Obesity and overweight are considered as other risk factor of the cancer of prostate. According to some researchers, having excessive body weight can increase your risk of being involved with prostate cancer. That’s why you are always suggested to maintain a healthy weight.

  1. Lifestyle

– Diet: A diet which is high in fat may contribute to the increasing risk of the cancer of prostate. Compared to countries in which daily meals are full of saturated fat, countries with the basic diets are mainly rice, soybean products, and vegetables have a lower rate of prostate cancer.

– High testosterone levels: Research also points out that those who use testosterone therapy tend to face a higher risk of developing this disease because increase in testosterone stimulates the growth of the prostate gland.

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