From children to adults, anyone can get tooth decay, but there are still several risk factors make the chance of catching cavities higher. They may include:
– Certain foods and drinks which can adhere to your teeth in a long time, particularly milk, ice cream, honey, sugar, soda, dried fruit, dry cereal, cake, cookies, hard candy, or chips
– Regular snacking or sipping that will support for the creation of constant acid bath over your teeth
– Insufficient brushing which helps decay grow
– Lack of fluoride, which will lead to the shortage of capability of prevention against tooth damages involving cavities
– Weakened dental fillings
– Tooth location because decay exists more often in the back teeth having many grooves, pits and crannies which can hold food particles, as well as being difficult to be clean
– Eating disorders
– Heartburn or Gastroesophageal Reflux disease (GERD)
– Dry mouth problem
– Age because this problem is likely to be more common in children, teenagers and older adults
– Bedtime infant feeding with some kind of drinks consisting of milk, formula, juice or other sugar-containing liquids.
How do your dentist diagnose tooth decay?
– Ask about your past dental and medical problems as well as care
– Probe your teeth with a pointed tool and a small mirror to look for pits or areas of damage
– Take X-rays to detect any problem including newly forming decay and even more advanced cavities.
– Use some newer devices such as a liquid dye or stain as well as high-tech devices like lasers.
What is the treatment of tooth decay?
If it is not too severe, your dentist only needs to take all the decay away and repair the tooth with a filling. If the tooth is too serious to be repaired, it is highly able to be removed.
In the early stages, you only need to use some prevention methods involving fluoride treatments like rinses or fluoride toothpaste to support your tooth to repair itself. If you see white spots in your tooth, it is the symptom of the last stage of an early decay. Except from the early stages of dental caries as before a cavity forms, only dentist can repair your tooth once you get tooth decay.
In more severe cases, you may need at least one of the following treatment:
– a filling if a cavity has formed to fill the hole and restore your tooth
– a crown if your tooth is badly harmed
– a root canal if the pulp of your tooth is attacked to remove the diseased pulp
– tooth extraction and then some over-the-counter painkillers prescribed by your dentist.
How to prevent tooth decay?
Most of the ways to avoid tooth decay are home remedies which involve:
– Chewing gum with xylitol to dwindle the development of bacteria
– Taking dental checkups frequently
– Lessening the amount of sugary or starchy foods and drinks, especially sugar-coated cereals, desserts and sticky foods, as well as snack, milk, formula or juice before bedtime
– With adult molars, using a sealant to create a flat surface for cleaning more easily.