How you can find out if you have diabetes? Most early symptoms are from consistently high levels of your blood sugar (glucose).
The warning signs can be unclear so that you don’t detect them. That’s especially true of type 2 diabetes. Some people don’t know they are suffering from diabetes until they have to face problems from the disease’s long-term damage.
Common Symptoms of Diabetes
The most common signs and symptoms of both types of diabetes include:
- Hunger and fatigue. Your body converts your intake into glucose that your cells use for energy. However, your cells need insulin in order to bring the glucose in.If your insulin is not working properly, or is not there at all, or if your cells resist the insulin your body makes, glucose will not be entering your cells and you have no energy. This can make you feel more hungry and listless than usual.
- Frequent urination and thirst. The normal person usually has to pee between four and seven times per day, but those with diabetes may go with higher frequency.
Why? The kidneys usually filter important nutrients including glucose, and then reabsorb them back into the bloodstream. However, when diabetes raises your blood sugar level, your body may not be capable of bring it all back in. It will try to eliminate the extra by making more urine, and that takes fluids.
So, when there is too much glucose (sugar) in your blood you will urinate more often. As you’re peeing so much, you can get very thirsty. When you drink more, you’ll also have to pee more.
- Dry mouth and itchy skin. Since your body is using fluids to pee, other parts of your body will lack moisture. You could get dehydrated, and your mouth may feel dry. You can aslo have a feeling of itchiness on your skin.
- Blurred vision. Changing fluid levels in your body could make your eye lenses swell up. This affects your eyes’ ability to focus.
Other Type 2 Symptoms
Signs and symptoms of type 2 diabetes often develop slowly. These tend to be clear after your glucose has been high for a long time.
- Yeast infections. Both men and women with diabetes re at increased risk of yeast infections. Sugar goes up. Yeast goes up. Yeast feeds on glucose, so having plenty around makes it thrive. Yeast Infections are able to grow in any warm, moist fold of skin, including:
– Between fingers and toes
– Under breasts
– In or around sex organs
- Slow-healing sores or cuts. Over time, high blood sugar (hyperglycemia) can impact the nerves (neuropathy) and lead to poor blood circulation that makes it hard for your body to heal sores or wounds.
- Pain or numbness in your feet or legs. This is another result of nerve damage.
- Areas of darkened skin. Some people with type 2 diabetes have areas of dark, velvety discoloration in body folds and creases — usually in the armpits and neck. This condition, called acanthosis nigricans, may appear as a result of insulin resistance.
Other Type 1 Symptoms
The symptoms and signs of type 1 diabetes generally develop suddenly and quickly, over a few days to weeks, include:
- Unplanned weight loss. If your body is unable to get energy from your food, it will have to burn muscle and fat for energy instead. You may lose weight without trying, even though you haven’t changed your diet.
- Nausea and vomiting. When your cells don’t get the glucose they need for energy, your body begins to burn fat for energy, which produces ketones. These can build up in your blood to dangerous levels, a possibly life-threatening condition called diabetic ketoacidosis. Ketones can make you feel sick to your stomach.
When to Call Your Doctor
If you’re over the age of 45 or at other risks for diabetes, it’s essential to get tested. When you early detect the condition, you can avoid nerve damage, heart trouble, and other complications.
As a general rule, talk to your doctor if you:
- Feel sick to your stomach, weak, and very thirsty
- Urinate a lot
- Have an abdominal pain
- Breathe more deeply and faster than normal
- Have breath smells like fruit or nail varnish remover. (This is a sign of very high ketones.)