According to a recent study, it is estimated that there are 1,658,370 new cancer cases diagnosed and 589,430 cancer deaths in the US in the year 2015. While the cancer rates continue to increase, prevention measures may be the best approach. The World Health Organization claims that at least one-third of cancers are avoidable. Individuals are strongly suggested to make changes in their living habits because two-thirds of cancer cases are caused by environmental factors, primarily weight gain, and smoking.
It is an unpleasant fact that may surprise many people, especially those who are overweight that in some types of cancer, obesity is responsible for 40% of cases. Scientists have shown that overweight status is one of the main reasons of several cancer forms such as esophagus, breast, endometrium, colon and rectum, kidney, pancreas, thyroid, and gallbladder cancers. Women who are overweight or obesity tend to face four times more risk of developing endometrial cancer than those who have normal weight, according to the National Cancer Institute.
Unfortunately, the statistics of the National Institutes of Health has pointed out that over two thirds of American adults do not have a healthy weight. Consequently, it’s high time people paid much attention to control their body status. A low calories diet is highly recommended and a regular physical practice schedule should be designed. Physical activities do not only contribute to the reduction of cancer risk but also help to maintain a proper health.
It is said that being addicted to any type of tobacco puts you on a collision course with cancer. The habit of smoking has linked to various types of cancer — including cancer of the lung, mouth, throat, larynx, pancreas, bladder, cervix and kidney. Men who smoke are 23 times more likely to develop lung cancer; female smokers are 13 times more likely. More seriously, those living together with the smokers are easily to exposure to secondhand smoke, resulting in potential cancer risk also.
It is not easy to stop completely heavy smokers from using tobacco. However, the earlier a person stop smoking, the longer his life turns out to be and it is never too late to quit this bad habit. People who quit smoking at the age of 30 live nearly as long as non-smokers, and those who quit at 50 is able to reduce half the damage. Fortunately, there have been several effective private and federal anti-smoking campaigns which contributes to the reduction of smoking rates among U.S. teens for the last twenty years.
It is necessary to make medical check to detect cancer at the early time. People are encouraged to get cancer screenings beginning at age 20. The sooner the cancer risk detected, the higher survival chance becomes. However, according to the Colon Cancer Alliance, only 60% of Americans keep following their recommended colon cancer screenings.
Skin cancer is undoubtedly one of the most common types of cancer in US. As a stark example, melanoma will account for more than 73,000 cases of skin cancer in 2015 in the US, according to the statistics of the American Cancer Society. Ultraviolet radiation, either from the sun or a tanning bed, is likely to considerably increase skin cancer risk. Consequently, try to avoid long exposure to intense sunlight and practice sun safety by wearing shirt, sunglasses, hat and use sunscreen when you are out.
In addition to a low calories diet, people are advised to reduce drinking alcohol and follow a diet rich in fruits and vegetables, less in red meat, preserved meats, and salt. A healthy eating meal helps to reduce some certain forms of cancer.