Most patients are satisfied with the results of their liposuction. However, bear in mind that liposuction surgery is not completely safe. Consequently, if you are considering liposuction, it’s important to have a full understanding about the limitations and possible complications of liposuction surgery. Before making decision on having liposuction, you should be aware of its complications and weigh the risks and benefits based on your personal value criteria.
The following is a list of 10 risks and side effects of liposuction which are worth considering:
Like other surgical procedures which include cut, scrape, incision or puncture, liposuction surgery carries the risk of infection, because those forms let bacteria enter the body and multiply. With the development of medical science, the risks associated with infection are better controlled, however, there are still some patients suffering from infections from hospitals and clinics with serious outcomes.
- Blood clots
Blood clots, or thromboembolism, may happen when fat is loosened and travel to a major part of the body and clog up either a vein or an artery during liposuction surgery. The risk related to blood clots is rare, however, it can lead to dangerous disease or even death. Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing are common signs of blood clots. If you notice those signs after liposuction, ask for emergency medical care as soon as possible.
- Damage to internal organs
A liposuction surgery
While performing the liposuction, the surgeon is unable to see where the cannula or probe is. In some cases, this may lead to the cannula puncturing an internal organ, and leading to more surgery as the surgeon has to fix the problem. More seriously, some patients died of this. That’s why it’s important to look for a qualified surgeon for your operation.
Seroma refers to the situation in which pockets of fluid pool under the skin. This risk happens when the surgeon is performing the surgery. Sign of seroma is unusual swelling, and it requires the fluid to be drained surgically.
- Nerve damage
Another possible risk which can be seen in most surgeries is nerve damage. It may temporarily surface after liposuction or be permanent. Nerve damage often comes in form of increased sensitivity in the areas treated by liposuction or the feeling loss in the area. Patients experiencing these sensations for weeks after their surgery should contact their physician.
- Skin necrosis
In other cases, the skin above the liposuction site may become necrotic or “die.” You may notice this issue through color change on your skin. Large areas of skin necrosis may get infected with bacteria or microorganisms.
In the past, the surgeons used ultrasound probe to achieve a better result. The ultrasound assisted liposuction may result in several skin burns that left. At the moment, this procedure is banned and the burning risks are reduced.
a piece of fat removed from the human body during the surgery operation
- Fluid imbalance
During the liposuction, fat tissue containing a lot of liquid is removed and the surgeon also injects large amounts of fluids into your body. This process may lead to a fluid imbalance. If the signs or symptoms of fluid imbalance are detected when you are still at the hospital, the doctor can control them properly. However, if fluid imbalance happens when you back home, the outcomes are serious.
- Toxicity from Anesthesia
Lidocaine is largely used as local anesthetic during liposuction. The excessive consumption of lidocaine can cause toxicity. Common symptoms include lightheadedness, restlessness, drowsiness, tinnitus, slurred speech, metallic taste in the mouth, numbness of the lips and tongue, shivering, muscle twitching and convulsions. Lidocaine toxicity can also cause death.
- Fatalities related to liposuction
Some studies show that the risk of death associated to liposuction is as low as 3 deaths for every 100,000 liposuction surgeries. However, according to other figures, the risk of death is between 20 and 100 deaths per 100,000 liposuction procedures. If you are considering liposuction, bear in mind that liposuction is a surgical procedure which contains serious complications, including death.