Rhinoplasty, also known as “nose reshaping” or “nose job”, refers a plastic surgery procedure for correcting and reconstructing the form, restoring the functions, and aesthetically improving the nose. Rhinoplasty can change the appearance and size of your nose, or fix a breathing problem associated with the nose.
Rhinoplasty has become one of the most common cosmetic surgeries in all over the world for years. In the United States, approximately 50,000 nose operations are performed every year.
Nose reshaping operation is considered to be safe for most patients. However, this does not mean that there are no potential risk exposed to the patient during or after the surgery. That’s why patients are recommended to educate themselves on the potential side effects and risks of rhinoplasty, as well as their own personal risk factors.
Risks caused by Anesthesia
The use of anesthesia in different surgeries varies depending on the type of procedure. The doctor usually chooses local anesthesia with sedation in primary or filler rhinoplasty, which contains less risks related to anesthesia. Meanwhile, candidates for secondary rhinoplasty will possibly have the procedure go under general anesthesia, which triggers more risk, including:
– Nausea and vomiting
– Allergic reaction to the anesthesia
– Blood pressure and heart rate increase
Remember that anesthesia risks are usually much greater for the patients who have preexisting medical problems. That’s why the doctor has to conduct a full medical history before starting the procedure. Risks can be reduced when there is an experienced anesthesiologist observing the patients during the procedure to respond to any possible issues as soon as they arise.
Like other types of plastic surgeries, rhinoplasty contains some possible risks which can be seen in all surgeries:
There are some ways to reduce those risks before and after the surgery. For instance, the doctor may ask the patients to stop smoking and drinking before the surgery. Additionally, certain drugs should be avoided within days of the procedure. In other cases, an antibiotic can be used as a precautionary measure among patients whose potential risk of infection is greater. When the surgery finishes, the patients are usually required to wear surgical garments which can lower the risk of blood clots forming.
Specific risks related to rhinoplasty:
– Difficulty breathing through the nose
– Septal perforation
– Possible uneven contour of the nose
– Bursting of small blood vessels on the surface of the skin
– Permanent nerve damage
– Possibility of revisional surgery
Some patients may face mental issues after the surgery as the results are not as good as their expectation. To avoid this problem, set realistic expectations of what will happen afterward. Also, have a good understanding about the side effects of rhinoplasty so that you can be less stressed when those risks happen.
Another thing that you can prepare to reduce health risks related to rhinoplasty is to choose a qualified cosmetic surgeon who is highly trained and experienced in nose surgery procedures.